2017/2018 Neco Gce Civic Education Questions And Answers Now Ready


Civil society groups refers to any non-governmental entity formed by a group of people with similar interests who come
together to work on a common goal.
It is a society in which each individual is allowed to pursue their own separate interest, as long as it does not harm anyone else.

(i) Civil society makes state at all level to be accountable, responsive and to be more effective. They help to limit and control the power of the state
(ii) It promotes political participation through the process of educating people about the about their rights and
obligations as democratic citizen and also encourage them to participate in election.
(iii) Building community; engagement and participation in voluntary associations also has the potential to
strengthen bonds among citizens.
(iv) It can also help to play an important role in meditating and helping to resolve conflict.

Traffic regulation can be defined as the rules and regulations which guide the behavior or action of road users.

(i) Making the highway safe for motorists and other road users.
(ii) Recommending works and devices designed to eliminate or minimize accidents on the highways
(iii) Educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of discipline on the highway.
(iv) Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highway
(v) Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways
(vi) Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways

(i) Inspection and issuance of road worthiness certificate(RWC) to all type of vehicle
(ii) Maintaining sanity on our various roads and highways by ensuring that all vehicles plying such roads are road worthy at all time. i.e by daily road checks
(iii) Training and testing of drivers for drivers license.
(iv) Traffic management, Monitoring and control
(v) Public enlightenment on road safety
(vi) Appearing in court to tender evidence concerning road traffic accident inspection reports.

Constituted Authorities are those powers which the constitution of each people has established to govern them, to cause their rights to be respected, and to maintain those of each of its members.

(i) Protection of citizens: The government ensures that all the citizens are protected from both internal and
external danger. They ensure all citizens are free from terrorism.
(ii) Development of the society: Constituted authorities joins hands together to bring about development in
the society through maintenance of law and order.
(iii) Religious authority helps followers to be closer to God and helps the followers to fear God.
(iv) Constituted authorities are responsible for the smooth running of the society.
(v) They ensure the people lives in peace with one another,
(vi) They ensure orderliness in the state and help to settle dispute in the society


1a)Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services. 


1)promote the constitutionally prescribed values and principles governing public administration in the public service;

2)investigate, monitor and evaluate the organisation and administration, and the personnel practices, of the public service;

3)propose measures to ensure effective and efficient performance within the public service;

4)give directions aimed at ensuring that personnel procedures relating to recruitment, transfers promotions and dismissals comply with the constitutionally prescribed values and principles;report in respect of its activities and the performance of its functions, including any finding it may make and directions and advice it may give, and to provide an evaluation of the extent to which the constitutionally prescribed values and principles are complied with; and

5)either of its own accord or on receipt of any complaint –

a)  investigate and evaluate the application of personnel and public administration practices, and report to the relevant executive authority and legislature;

b) investigate grievances of employees in the public service concerning official acts or omissions, and recommend appropriate remedies;

c) monitor and investigate adherence to applicable procedures in the public service; and

d) advise national and provincial organs of state regarding personnel practices in the public service, including those relating to the recruitment, appointment, transfer, discharge and other aspects of the careers of employees in the public service.


Traffic regulation can be defined as the rules and regulations which guide the behavior or action of road users. 


i.)poverty: trafficking of children often involves exploitation of the parents extreme poverty 

ii.)greed:This is when people have a strong desire for more things than they need such as having more food,money,power,etc


4a)Nationalism can be defined as loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially :a sense of national consciousness, it also means exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranationalgroups 


7 Indirect democracy, is also know as  representative democracy, : is a situation when citizens elect representatives to make laws on their behalf. This is what most modern countries have today.

7a. Representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy. 


I. Support legitimate, inclusive and sound governance.

II. Protect the basic rights of citizens.

III. Support stable and peaceful democratic transitions.

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