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farm

VERIFIED NECO AGRIC
Use this AGRIC OBJ:
1-10: EBABDCEEEC
11-20: CBECEBAEDE
21-30: EDBDBBDCEC
31-40: CAACDABABB
41-50: CADEDACCBB
51-60: DCCADDEADB
*1a.*
i) It is always important to carry out daily checks on your tractor before you drive it to ensure everything is in working order

ii) Always practice the Safe Stop procedure.

iii) When getting in and out of the tractor always use access steps and hand supports, adjust seat position to operate controls

iv )Always keep floors, doors, pedals clear and keep your boots clean.

v) Tractors or machinery should never be operated if a danger from overhead electricity lines exist.

*1b*
i. *Soil type:* Soil characteristics and strength determine its ability to withstand stress exerted by a building. Erect structures on firm, well-drained soils.

ii. *Topography:* If the land is too sloppy, there are high chances of landslide occurrence; and if it is too flat, there is likelihood of poor drainage that leads to flooding. A relatively flat free drained area is most suitable.

1c
TABULATE your answers for *Subsistence agriculture and Commercial Agriculture*

*Subsistence Agriculture*
-i- A small area of land is cultivated.
-ii- Produce is mainly for family consumption.
-iii- Crude tools and implements are used.
-iv- Yields or returns are low.
-v- It requires little capital investment.

*Commercial Agriculture*
-i- A large are of land is cultivated and mechanised.
-ii- Produce is mainly for sale or export.
-iii- Complex and Modern tools and implements are used.
-iv- Yields or returns are high.
-v- It requires huge capital investment.

*1d.*
*TABULATE*

i. Cocoa bean – *chocolate*

ii. *rubber chemicals* – tyre

iii. milk – *consumption products eg cheese, ice cream*

iv. *tree timbers* – furniture
(2a)
(i)problem of land Tenure
(ii)problems of basic Amenities
(iii)problems of finance and poor financing
(iv)poor transportation
(v)poor tools and farm machines
(vi)poor marketing system

(2bi)
Green Resolution

(i)To ensure adequate, reliable and safe food supplies for a rapidly
growing population
(ii)To become self reliant in basic food requirements

(2bii)
River Basin development Authority

(i)It aims at improving rural infrastructure which will reduce migration to urban areas
(ii)construction of goad roads to project sites for easy transportation

(2c)
(i)High maintenance cost of machine
(ii)it is costly to purchase
(iii)it can break down and hold – up farm work
(iv)it can destroy soil structure

(2d)
(i)pull taut chains, tapes or ropes
(ii)Make sure the chain is not faulty

============

3a)
nutrient cycle is the movement and exchange of organic and inorganic
matter back into the production of matter. In Other Words they are nutrients are not lost to the environment but instead can be re-used.
3b)
i)Bush burning
ii)Over grazing
iii)Percolation and leaching
iv)Erosion
3ci)
i)Good soil texture leads to high agricultural yield.
ii)It leads to maintenance of soil quality
3cii)
i)High temperature causes drought
ii)It leads to death of animals in some instances
3ciii)
i)They destroy farm produce.
ii)They reduce the value of farm produce.
3d)
i)Soil erosion and sedimentation
ii)Application of fertilizer
iii)Application of pesticides
iv)Bush burning

====

(5ai)
Plant propagation is process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings and other plant parts. Plant propagation can also refer to the artificial or natural dispersal of plants. 
: (5aii)
Grafting and budding are horticultural techniques used to join parts from two or more plants so that they appear to grow as a single plant. In grafting, the upper part (scion) of one plant grows on the root system (rootstock) of another plant. In the budding process, a bud is taken from one plant and grown on another

(5b)

Solving

Stay calm
====

*6a*

i. *Threshing* is the process of loosening the edible part of grain (or other crop) from the husks and straw to which it is attached.

ii. *Parboiling* involves partial boiling of the paddy before milling in order to increase its nutritial value, to change the texture of cooked rice, and reduce the breakage in milling

*6b*
i. Black bug
ii. Mole cricket

*6c*
i. Biological method
ii. Cultural method
iii. Physical method
iv. Chemical method

*6d*
i. Forestry provides jobs for more than people across the world

ii. It Provides food , medicine , timbers etc for many domestic and industrial processes

iii. Forest helps in the stabilization of climate

iv. Planting of forests help in the purification of air and balancing the amount of CO2 and O2 in the environment

*6e*
PICK ANY TWO
i. Oak
ii. Birch
iii. Flowering pear
iv. Flowering Crabapple
===

7ai)
Causal Organism is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. In other words The disease is caused by a virus 

7aii)
i)Weight loss.
ii)Low conception rates.

7aiii)
i)Through contact with an infected person’s saliva, stool, or respiratory secretions.

7aiv)
i)monitor and report illness;
ii)appropriate disposal of manure and dead carcasses.

7av)
i)Good biosecurity measures should be practiced on uninfected farms to prevent entry of the virus.

7b)
i)It regulate the acidity of the blood.
ii)It control the concentrations of water and salt in the body fluids
iii)It excrete the waste product urea

7c)
i)Air is sucked in through the mouth or nose.
ii)Gas Exchange or oxygen deprived, dark blue blood is then delivered to the blood vessels of the lungs.
iii)muscle contraction or it requires muscular effort.

7d)
i)Evaluating the effects of air stress during storage on aerobic stability
ii)Analysing the effects of exposure to air at feed-out of silage on methane 
iii)Evaluating the effects of 6 silage additives on storage losses, silage quality.

Section E

(Number 9)

(9a)
(i)Nigerian Capital Market Serves As
Link Between farmers(producer) And consumer
(ii)it encourages the processing of farm produce, into forms that the consumer desire.
(iii)The exportation of agricultural products abroad provides foreign exchange to the government and country
(iv)The sale of agricultural products can provide money or income to the farmers

9b)
Given that 
Percentage Change in quantity = 15 -12 = 3 
3/12 x 100= 25%
Change in price = 1700-1400 =300
300/1700 x 100= 17. 65%
Elasticity = 25/17. 65 
Elasticity = 1. 42

(9c)
(i)Farm settlement scheme
(ii)Operation feed the Nation
(iii)Green resolution
(iv)Agricultural development project

(9d)
(Pick two)
(i)it includes farm and home visit
(ii)it also includes office calls
(iii)Telephone calls
(iv)The use of letters and correspondence

(9e)
(i)Balance sheet:-The balance sheet show the capital or financial position of the farm at the end of the accounting period, usually a year. In balance sheet, list of assets is on the right hand side and the list of liability or debt is on the left hand side

(ii)Farm income statement:it comprises all the farm receipts(sales) and expenses carried out on the farm out on the farm over a specified period of time. Farm income statement gives an accurate idea of the profitability of the farm

Completed