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Neco Animal Husbandry Portal

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:
1-10: BCDDCCBAEE
11-20: CAADEDABBB
21-30: DEEAAAEDCC
31-40: ABECAAADEA

ANIMAL -THEORY – ANSWERS

(1a)
(i) Tendons
(ii) Epidermis

(1b)
(i) Identify any exotic pests that may be in their hives,
(ii) Examine the brood and colony at least several times a year during spring, summer and autumn.
(iii) Always be calm and methodical when working with hives, and try to avoid any sudden or sharp actions.
Opening the hive

(1c)
(In tabular form)
UNDER OESTROGEN:
(i) Oestrogen is used for a hormone replacement treatment for women who have undergone sexual transformation.
(ii)Oestrogen is a class of steroid compounds and functions as chief sex hormones in women

UNDER PROGESTERONE:
(i) Progesterone is a common hormone that is
produced both by women and men.

(ii) Progesterone is a C-21 hormone involved in pregnancy and embryo genesis.

(1d)
(i) Acidify the Milk
(ii) Add a Coagulant
(iii) Test for Gel Firmness

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2a)
i)feeding
ii)vaccination
2b)
i)cleaning or sanitation
ii)desinfection
iii)isolation
2c)
i)flock(caging)
ii)dairy or beef barins
2d)
i)standardization
ii)coagulation of protein in milk
iii)separating of curd
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2a) *Colostrum feeding*
1. Colostrum is the first milk secreted after parturition.
2. It contains large amount of gamma globulins which are anti-bodies produced by the cow against antigens encounter during her life including those against many disease producing organisms.

*Weaning*
1. Separation of calf and making independent of its mother for food is known as weaning.
2. Now days, early weaning is recommended for better management.

*Disbudding*
1. Arresting the horn growth at an early age, when the horn root is in the bud stage is called disbudding.
2. This is practiced mainly in exotic and cross breeds of cattle.

*Ear tagging*
1. It is the most popular method of identification of farm animals.
2. It facilitates easy supervision, management and accurate record maintenance.

*Castration*
1. To render the animal docile, to control indiscriminate breeding and to prevent certain genital diseases castration is performed.
2. It is also performed to induce faster gain in body weight and to improve the quality of meat.

*Disinfection*
1. Disinfection means destruction of pathogenic microorganisms from a place so that the place becomes free from infection.
2. Disinfection can be brought about with the help of physical, chemical and gaseous agents.

*Quarantine*
1. Quarantine is the process of segregating apparently healthy animals (especially animal being introduced into a herd or into the country for the first time) which have been exposed to the risk of infection.
2. Quarantine period depends on the incubation period of diseases.

*Isolation of sick animals*
1. Isolation is the process of segregation of affected and in contact animals from the apparently healthy ones, in the event of outbreak of a contagious disease.
2. Such segregated animals should preferably be housed in a separate isolation shed situated far away from the normal animal house.

*Insuring the animals*
1. It provides protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to attaining qualitative improvement of livestock and their products.
2. Farmers (small/ large/ marginal) and cattle rearers having the cross breed and high yielding cattle and buffaloes are the eligible beneficiaries.

*Disposal of carcass*
1. The primary purpose of safe disposal of carcass is to ensure the check and spread of disease either to other susceptible animals or humans.
2. Carcasses of animals may be disposed of by sending them to knackeries or by burial or burning.

*Record maintenance*
1. Record keeping is an essential practice in animal husbandry.
2. It needs daily, regular recording the details in the farm office by manager or farmer.

(3a)
Area of the pasture
Area of trapezium
= 1/2 (180+120)12
= 1/2 x 300 x 12
= 300 x 12/2
=3600/2
= 1,800m²

(ii) Area of calops crops
20cm x 30cm
= 0.2m x 0.3m
= 0.6m²
Population of colapo
1,800m²/0.06m²
= 30,000

(3bi)
Maintenance ratio is the type of ration given to farm animal just to maintain normal functioning of the body system.

While

Production ration is the type of ration given to farm animals to enable them to produce

(3bii)
Maintained ratio: the animal that can feed maintenance ratio are non lactating animals

(3c)
(i) it can lead to carnibacism
(ii) it can cause fighting between animals
(iii) it can lead to stunted growth
(iv) they are liable to contact disease easily

4a)
i)Pedigree selection
ii)Exotic bull
iii)Disease and pests
iv)Hybrid
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5i)
Anthrax
5ii)
i)regular vaccination
ii)good sanitation
iii)quickly isolate the affected animals
5iii)
Zonotic disease
5iv)
i)tuberculosis
ii)liverfluck
iii)mastitis
5v)
initially the number of goat in stock is 65
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FISHERY- obj

1-10 DADCEBBDAE

11-20 BDEEACDEDA

21-30 DACDCECDBA

31-40 CBADEABCAE

41-50 EBECEDAEBA

51-60 ABADEBABCE

To Our Fishery Fans Scroll Down For Your
Answers.

FISHERY-THEORY-ANSWERS
4ai)
Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water. It is a measure
of the condition of water relative to the requirements of
one or more biotic species and or to any human need or
purpose.
4aii)
i)temperature,
ii)dissolved oxygen
iii)pH level 
iv)Ammonia. 
v)Water turbidity
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5ai)
stocking- is the practice of raising fish in a hatchery and releasing them into a river, lake, or the ocean to supplement existing populations, or to create a population where none exists.

Stocking- density is the quantity of fry or fingerlings per unit of water area.
5aii)
i)Fertilization of the pond/addition of manure.
ii)Maintaining water level.
iii)Repair of pond and the fence.
iv)Cropping /selective removal of excess fish.
5bi)
i)Pseudomonas fluorescens
ii)Ichthyophthirius multifiliis 
iii)fungal infections 
iv)Eustrongylides 
v)copepods
5bii)
i)Anorexia (loss of appetite, refusing all food, with consequential wasting)
ii)Rapid breathing
iii)Hiding abnormally
iv)Resting on the bottom
5c)
Area= length x breadth 
Area= 30 x 20
Area = 600m²