Farm surveying is the process of measuring and mapping out the position, height, size and boundary of an area of farmland.
(i) It helps to know the size or hectare of a farmstead
and the arrangement of land for proper usage without the risk of land degradation.
(ii) Farm surveying help to make proper use of resources available and also to project the maximum profit achieved.
(iii) Results of farm survey can be used as collateral for security loan from financial institutions.
(iv) Absolute and relative positions of points on the farm and earth’s surface can be determined.
(v) The topography or gradient of the farm land can also be determined.
(vi)It enables the farmer to lay his farm into plots.
(i) Ranging pole is used for setting a straight line durng farm surveying.
(ii) Gunter’s chain is used in taking shot or detailed measurement of length and breadth of farmland during surveying.
(iii) Prismatic compass is used to find out the bearing of the traversing and included angles between lands, waypoints and direction.
(iv) Measuring tape is used in measuring angular distances.
(v) Theodolite is used to measure horizontal or vertical angles or planes
(i) The initial cost of a machine is high. An idle machine is a waste.
(ii) Adoption of certain machines will lead to unemployment.
(iii) Machines are subject to break-down and lie idle when electricity fails (if it is electrically operated).
(iv) Depreciation charges are high; this will reduce the profit.
(v) Certain types of machines may become obsolete within a short span of time.
pasture for grazing
A good pasture is critical to every grazing system. It has positive effects on the health of livestock and the long-term prod fire burn tgenuctivity and profitability of your business.
Improving pasture for grazing involves a variety of strategies and a coordinated approach. Native and sown (introduced) pastures are complex ecosystems affected by soil type and health, climate, tree cover, and management decisions.
To begin improving your pasture for grazing, you will need to:
understand pasture condition and growth
know how to select the right species for your land
know how to prepare and sow or seed a pasture.
Which we call Emmanuel is d best legacy Mr Hercules cares You can then implement management strategies to maximise the productivity and resilience of pasture. These should include plans to control weeds and organise livestock to make the best use of the pastures…
(i) It provides food for human
(ii) It checks soil erosion
(iii) It brings about vegetation cover
(iv) It brings about rainfall
(v) Forest improves soil fertility
(vi) It creates job opportunities
(i) Oganic manuring:
– It improves the activities of the soil micro organisms
– It improves soil fertility
– It improves yield
(ii) Bush burning:
– It exposes the soil to sunlight
– It destroys soil microorganisms
– It reduces soil fertility
– It enhances soil aeration
– It helps to mix the soil with organic matters
– It also improves the activities of the soil micro organisms
(iv) Clean clearing:
– It reduces the effects pof parasites and diseases
– It reduces soil fertility
– It helps for easy cultivation and harvest
Natural mating is the type of mating by which the the farm animals are allowed to move together and mate freely. Natural mating also enable the farm animals to select their mating partners while ARTIFICIAL Mating is the type of mating that involves the introduction of sperm(semen) into the female genital tract by the farmer through artificial means.
(i) Pen mating
(ii) Hand mating
(i) It helps to enhance growth and development of the farm animals
(ii) It helps the body of the farm animals to build enough immune
(iii) It makes the bones of animals strongs
(iv) It helps to resist diseases
(i) It helps the farm animals to get adequate food
(ii) It helps to improve vegetatioons
(iii) it helps the farm animals to be free from diseases and parasites
(iv) It helps the farmer to control the farm animals easily
(i) It is used to regulate body temperature
(ii) It is required for metabolic reactions in an animal’s body.
(iii) It helps in digestion of food and feeds
(iv) It is used in homeostasis in animals’ body.
(i) They help in enegry production
(ii) They enhances healthy bone and teeth
(iii) They help in nerve and muscle function
(iv) They provide strong immune for the body
Inflammation of the teat
– Use of germicides
– Removal of causative agents
Immunization by vaccine combined with quarantine
Use strict biosecurity measures for animals, animal
Unusually watery faeces that are yellowish-green in colour
Use of vaccination
Depreciation is a procedure for allocating the cost
of a depreciable asset among the production in
which the asset is used.
Farm record is an account of the various activities carried out on the farm such as farm purchases, utilization of farm inputs, number of livestock kept and equipment procured. While Farm account shows the total receipt and payments made by the farm at a particular time.
Credit is the ability of a customer to obtain goods or services before payment, based on the trust that payment will be made in the future while subsidy is a sum of money granted by the state or a public body to help an industry or business keep the price of a commodity or service low.
Asset are things owned and controlled by an entity that is capable of bringing some financial gain in the future while liabilities are present obligations which has to be settled in future.