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(i) Reduces the interest of children in academic works
(ii) Children may pick up bad behaviours from excessive use.
(iii) Affects the health of children
(iv) Reduces interaction between children and parents

(i) Parents should participate fully in what their children see on television and on the internet.
(ii) Parents shoild constantly encouraged their children to watch friendly programmes

the writer thought Adamu was under a spell because he worked tirelessly

Adamu had to take care of himself because he had no mother care. He also had to take care of himself because his father was poor

– Farm labourer
– Craftsmanship

6d) His academic performance tells of his versatility

The writer respected Adamu

The zeal to enrol for achoo even at the young age of eight


(i) noun clause
(ii) object of the verb “discovered ”

– A spell – an influence
– crafted – constructed
– Procure – buy
– Attracted – Appeal to
– Vaguely – slightly
– simple – plain


Youths, especially those in secondary school tend to see the drug user as one who is tough, bold and strong. Many youngsters have been known to use drugs at the instance of peers, elders or siblings. Youths who usually feel inadequate have been known to use drugs to achieve
social acceptance.
There are severally causes of drug abuse among the youth which i will point out vividly.
Firstly, Experimental Curiosity. Curiosity to experiment the unknown facts about drugs thus motivates adolescents into drug use. The first experience in drug abuse produces a state of arousal such as happiness and pleasure which in turn motivate them to continue.
Another cause of drug abuse is Peer Group Influence. Peer pressure plays a major role in influencing many adolescents
into drug abuse. This is because peer pressure is a fact of teenage and youth life. As they try to depend less on parents, they show more dependency on their friends. In Nigeria, as other parts of the world, one may not enjoy the company of others unless he conforms to
their norms.
Lack of parental supervision is another cause of drug abuse in youth. Many parents have no time to supervise their sons and daughters. Some parents have little or no interaction with family members, while others put pressure on their children to pass exams or perform better in their studies. These phenomena initialize and increases drug abuse.
In addition to the above causes, Personality Problems due to socio-Economic Conditions is another cause of drug abuse among the youth. Adolescents with personality problems arising from social conditions have been found to abuse drugs. The social and economic status of most Nigerians is below average. Poverty is widespread, broken homes
and unemployment is on the increase, therefore our youths roam the streets looking for employment or resort to begging. These situations have been aggravated by lack of skills, opportunities for training and re-training and lack of committed action to promote job creation by private and community entrepreneurs. Frustration arising from these problems lead to recourse in drug abuse for temporarily removing the tension and problems arising from it.
Furthermore, The Need for Energy to Work for Long Hours is another cause which has rendered some youths useless. The increasing economic deterioration that leads to poverty and disempowerment of the people has driven many parents to send their children out in search of a means of earning something for contribution to family income. These children engage in hawking, bus conducting, head loading, scavenging, serving in food canteens etc and are prone to drug taking so as to gain more energy to work for long hours.
Finally, Availability of the Drugs is a big factor that makes it easier for abuse of drugs among our youths. In many countries, drugs have dropped in prices as supplies
have increased.
Drug abuse is a problem that is causing serious concern to both individuals and government all over the world. The problem is prevalent among adolescents who in most cases are
ignorant about the dangers inherent in drug abuse. Many of them engaged in drug abuse out of frustration, poverty, lack of parental supervision, peer influence and pleasure. However, with effective counselling programme, the problems can be tackled. With proper look into the aforementioned causes, drug abuse among the youth will be reduced drastically.

*1* )
You are about to graduate from secondary school and you held the position of Library prefect. Write a letter to your friend telling him/her your experiences and how they have contributed to your life in a positive way.

*2* )
Write an article suitable for publication in a national newspaper on the growing incidence of drug abuse among the youth, stating the causes and suggesting ways it can be curbed.

*3* )
A friend of yours was involved in a fight that took place in school and has been expelled by the school authorities. In a letter to your principal, give an account of the fight and why you think your friend should not have been expelled.

*4* )
As one of the outgoing prefects in your school, write a speech you would deliver at the send-off ceremony for prefects on the topic: The Challenges of Prefectship.

*5* )
Write a story that ends with the statement: I wish I had listened to my parents.

A drug is a substance uѕеd fоr mеdісаl рurроѕеѕ thаt change thе ѕtаtе оr funсtіоn оf the bоdу. Drug іѕ аnу ѕubѕtаnсе whісh uроn еntеrіng thе body саn сhаngе еіthеr the funсtіоn or ѕtruсturе оf thе оrgаnіѕm. On the оthеr hаnd, drug abuse іѕ a ѕіtuаtіоn whеn drug is tаkеn mоrе thаn іt is prescribed. It could bе seen аѕ thе uѕе оf іllісіt drugѕ, оr the abuse оf рrеѕсrірtіоn or over-the-counter drugѕ. Drug аbuѕе саn bе further dеfіnеd as thе dеlіbеrаtе uѕе оf chemical ѕubѕtаnсеѕ fоr reasons other thаn іntеndеd mеdісаl purposes and whісh rеѕultѕ іn рhуѕісаl, mental emotional оr ѕосіаl іmраіrmеnt of thе uѕеr. Thе аbuѕе of lеgаl drugѕ can happen when people uѕе thе drugѕ іn a mаnnеr other thаn directed by thе mаnufасturеr or рurроѕе thаt аrе nоt legitimate.
Thе abuse оf vаrіоuѕ mооd-аltеrіng ѕubѕtаnсеѕ hаѕ bееn rероrtеd tо bе prevalent аmоng Nigerian youths. Sоmе ѕubѕtаnсеѕ alter the mind, сhаngе the user’s feeling, perception аnd behaviour when thеу are uѕеd bесаuѕе they exert асtіоn оn thе brain. Global ѕtudіеѕ оn drug uѕе аnd аbuѕе rеvеаlеd thаt еаrlу іnіtіаtіоn of drug use іѕ оnе of thе best рrеdісtоrѕ оf futurе drug аbuѕе аnd dереndеnсе, fоr іnѕtаnсе уоuthѕ whose drug uѕе ѕtаrtеd before the аgе оf 14 аrе mоrе vulnеrаblе to drug рrоblеmѕ lаtеr in lіfе thаn thоѕе whо ѕtаrtеd uѕіng drugs at the аgе оf 21 аnd above. Thе use of drugs hаѕ always bееn аn іnѕераrаblе раrt of оссultіѕm and thе уоuths in Nigeria’s tertiary іnѕtіtutіоnѕ аrе dеерlу іnvоlvеd іn thіѕ рrасtісе.
There аrе twо аѕресtѕ оf dаngеr аѕѕосіаtеd wіth drugs; the risk оf addiction and аdvеrѕе hеаlth and bеhаvіоurаl consequences.
Driving from thе dеfіnіtіоnѕ аbоvе, drugѕ саn bе сlаѕѕіfіеd into two саtеgоrіеѕ;
Drugѕ аrе bаѕісаllу twо grоuрѕ i.e. lеgаllу аррrоvеd аnd acceptable drugѕ аnd іllеgаl оr legally dіѕаррrоvеd drugѕ. Lеgаllу approved and acceptable drugѕ аrе drugs which have thrоugh thе аgеѕ bесоmе a раrt оf the ѕосіеtу аnd hаd rеmаіnеd. Hоwеvеr, due to large ԛuаntіtіеѕ of thеѕе drugѕ bеіng tаkеn in and оut of the соuntrу, thе gоvеrnmеnt іmроѕеѕ import dutіеѕ оn thеm.
drug abuse is primarily саuѕеd аmоng the уоuthѕ by the below listed factors.
Pееr рrеѕѕurе: Yоuth аѕѕосіаtеѕ wіth dіffеrеnt tуреѕ оf реорlе otherwise known аѕ frіеndѕ. Thrоugh thе pressure frоm thеѕе frіеndѕ a сhіld they end up hаving a tаѕtе of thеѕе drugѕ аnd оnсе this іѕ done, thеу соntіnuе tо tаkе it and become аddісtеd tо it in thе long-run.
Depression: Anоthеr рrіmаrу cause оf drug аbuѕе іѕ depression. When certain things happen tо ѕоmеоnе thаt іѕ considered vеrу ѕаd аnd dіѕ-hеаrtеnіng thе реrѕоn started thinking оf the best wау tо bесоmе hарру once mоrе hence thе uѕе of hard drugѕ wіll соmе in. This lаtеr оn turnѕ to a hаbіt, hence drug abuse.
Another mаjоr саuѕе оf drug аbuѕе іѕ ѕаіd to bе the rаtе оf unеmрlоуmеnt among youths. Furthеrmоrе, drugѕ can bе ѕаіd tо be abused when youth don’t kеер to thе рrеѕсrіbе dosage and соntіnuоuѕ uѕе of a particular drug for a lоng time wіthоut doctor’s аррrоvаl. Thіѕ kind of аbuѕе іѕ аѕѕосіаtеd wіth ѕоft drugѕ. However, below are the solution to curbing drug abuse in Nigeria.
Aggrеѕѕіvе еxtіnсtіоn оf аll thе sources оf these hаrd drugѕ іnсludіng the fаrmѕ whеrе thеу аrе planted bу a jоіnt fоrce of authorities.
Pаrеntѕ should mоnіtоr the kіnd of friends thеіr сhіldrеn interact with аnd guіdе аgаіnѕt bаd соmраnу.
Tеасhіng thе еffесtѕ of drug аbuѕе іn schools and Cоntіnuоuѕ саmраіgn аgаіnѕt thе uѕе оf hard drugѕ аt thе fеdеrаl, state аnd lосаl levels.

No 4

prefects will assist the staff at all times with general discipline of
the school; in addition, they may have special responsibilities in particular parts of the school,
this includes punishing of the minor offenders within the school. Prefects man the queues during
meals; maintain order in halls of residence, library, assist in recovering or collection of lost items
and assist during school functions. MOE (1987) further observe that prefects maintain discipline
of students in and outside the classroom in absence of the teacher. Wanderi (2008) notes that �some teenagers are irritants and eager to cause chaos anywhere; such teenagers who are
students become a challenge to prefects because they have to manage them.

According to NACADA (2008) schools are fast becoming conduits for trafficking hard
drugs like bhang, cocaine and heroin and the students are being used in this trade with many
adolescents taking drugs out of curiosity, inadequacy in class achievements or unstable family
background; this becomes a challenge to the prefects since they can also become subject to the
same circumstances and often find themselves victims. Otieno (2008) and NACADA (2008)
observe that drug and substance abuse is a silent disaster that claims lives every year and
there is a strong linkage between drug-abuse, violence and currently the HIV/AIDS.
continue to experience these problems and especially prefects who are expected to manage
students who have already abused drugs and therefore are not sober.
When strikes occur, the prefects are on the receiving end as other students look at them
with suspicion that they could betray them to the school administration as it was in Nyeri High
School, where students attacked and killed prefects in 1999 (NACADA, 2008). Williams and
Colin (2006) observe that several family background problems manifest themselves in the
behavior of students in school. Problems such as mental health, poverty, acute crisis with
housing, family breakdown, homelessness among others will manifest themselves through
bullying and disruption in class as a way of projection. Such pose a big challenge to prefects
who also may be victims of the same background or may not know how to counsel such
students; especially because academic achievement has become a centre of interest
to the extent that every parent and student desire high academic achievement (Kanga, 2008).

I Wish I Had Listened to my parents.

There have been many times that things have happened and I’ve said I wish I had listened but this…this has to be the worst.

I never should have gone….. I knew it was wrong but I did it anyways….God I wish I had listened…

It all started when my friends (Allison and Chloe) and I got invited to a party, now it wasn’t exactly for our age but we wanted to go anyways. Our parents said we couldn’t go but we kept asking and as the cycle goes….the more we asked the more they said no and the more they said no the more we wanted to go.

We came up with a plan, Allison would say she was going to Chloe’s house for the night and Chloe would say she would be in my house and I would say that I was going to Allison’s house for the night.

Now I don’t know how we managed to last a week without anybody finding out be we did. Friday night came and we were in the public bathrooms (classy) getting ready. We arrived at the party at ten o’clock and had fun.

After an hour of talking to random people, I decided to go and get a bottle of water.

After getting my bottle of water I went to leave and find the girls but I bumped into someone.

“Hey I’m Kyle” Now don’t get me wrong he seemed like a normal guy but there was something off ,but of course I didn’t notice that or I wouldn’t be here now would I?…

We talked and played 21 questions and there didn’t seem to be anything wrong with it, but thinking back now I realised that’s where you learned everything, from having strict parents and no siblings to having 3 fish when I was 6. Everything we talked about didn’t seem that important, but it was to him.

After a while I told him “I need to go to the bathroom, do you know where it is?” He told me where it was and that he’d hold my water, I don’t know why but I trusted him…which was a very stupid thing to do.

I got back and we went out the front and talked some more, I suddenly got dizzy and Kyle “the hero” caught me when I fell, now I really should mention that Kyle was around 18 and I was 15.

I felt dizzy, sick, faint so many words to describe the feeling but the best word would be drunk but I couldn’t be drunk 1: I’m 15 and I don’t drink. 2: I don’t like the taste of alcohol and 3: I drank water all night!

But he caught me, when I fell and when people looked, he just said “oh she’s just had too much to drink, I’m gonna take her home” and people believed him, sure, nobody knew who he was, to them he was just a random guy helping a poor sick girl….. how wrong they were.

He carried me down the road and when he tried to put me in his car I struggled, as you would if you were in my situation but I wasn’t strong enough and eventually I must have blacked out.

I woke up in the back seat of a moving car. Nothing registered for a minute but then BANG! I remembered all that had happened and started to struggle yet again, which as I look back on, was really stupid, maybe if I’d kept quiet I would have been able to sneak out if he stopped the car, to get something, but who’s to say he would have stopped. He might have stopped already when I was asleep.

I must have blacked out again without realising it, because when I woke up I was lying on an old, dirty mattress with no blankets or anything like that.

Like any normal person I started to panic and bang on the door, and call out but I got no reply.

After a while of panicking I realised nobody was coming anytime soon so I should just sit back down and try to calm down.

That was the moment everything started to click why he listened and asked questions but only answered vaguely, why I felt dizzy after going to the bathroom, everything.

He Drugged Me. Why? I don’t know but I’m sure to find out soon.

I really wish I had Listened to my parents when they said ” don’t talk to strangers” “don’t leave you drink down” ” don’t go” and so many other things but I didn’t and now I’m trapped, in some dark, cold room.
I wish I had listened to my parents.


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