Waec Gce jan/feb Government obj amd Theory Questions And answers



(i) To apply your understanding when voting, petitioning, and speaking publicly.
(ii) To deal with the government effectively in your future profession.
(iii) To use your understanding of government to participate and bring about change in your community or country.
(iv) To contribute to the success of a democracy that depends on your understanding and active participation.
(v) To develop the ability to solve problems and make good decisions when current events and economic and social issues affect you directly.

A state may be defined as a politically organised body of
people inhabiting a defined geographical entity with an
organized legitimate government.

population:- size of a population has nothing to do with existence of a state; may be homogeneous or heterogeneous

territory:- must have known and recognized boundaries

sovereignty:- decides its own foreign and domestic policies; neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority; sovereignty distinguishes the state from all other, lesser political units; states within the US are NOT sovereign; location of sovereignty is crucial

government:- every state has a government; consists of the machinery and personal by which the state is ruled; has power to rule.

UNIVERSAL ADULT SUFFRAGE is the right of citizens in a given society who are entitled to vote in an election to select, at periodic intervals when these elections are called, a government to represent them. Usually, the only restriction applies to people under a certain age.


1. It ensures equity-
One of the merits of universal adult suffrage is the fact that it ensures equity. As a human being residing in or outside your country, it allows for people to participate in the choice of who represents him or her in the running of the affairs of the state.

2. It is democratic
Another merit of universal suffrage is that it is democratic. One of the tenets of democracy is that everybody must be allowed to vote in an election. This has produced the slogan ‘one man one vote’. Since the slogan is embedded in the concept of universal adult suffrage, one can safely argue that universal adult suffrage is democratic.

3.Protects minority interests
Universal adult suffrage also protects the interest of the minority group in a country. This is so because they are given the opportunity to elect the one to represent their interests either in parliament or in the executive arm of the government.

4.Ensures national cohesion
Universal adult suffrage is reputed to be an instrument that enhances national cohesion. This is because it does not matter which religion one professes, ethnic group one belongs to, the language one speaks, the size of one’s bank balance among others, everybody is allowed to cast one vote. This way such differences as religion, ethnicity, language, etc are buried and national integration is promoted.

4) A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch
Features of Parliamentary System:

i) Formation of Cabinet. When general election is over and prime minister is elected, then prime minister nominates his council of ministers or cabinet.
ii) Team Work Spirit. In parliamentary system all ministers work in a.
iii) Supremacy of Premier
iv) Coordination of Powers.


(i) It was constitutional monarch
(ii) No formal system of taxation but tribute payment
(iii) No separation of power
(iv) There was system of checks and balances
(v) It was based on feudal mode of production.

1 . Indirect rule preserved African culture while assimilation undermined African cultures
2 . Elites in British colonies remained subjects while assimilated Africans in French colonies became citizens
3 . The French colonies elected representatives to the chamber of deputies while British colonies to Legco
4 . The British used professionals to govern while the French undermined African chieftaincies
5 . The British appointed traditional rulers while the French handpicked people who met their qualifications

8 a )
1 . Central Legislative Council – The Macpherson constitution made provision a central Legislative council also called House of Representatives . The Legislative council consisted of 148 members of whom 136 were elected from the Regional Houses . 6 members were appointed by the Governor and 6 also were ex – official
members .
2 . Central Executive Council – This was called the ‘ Council of Ministers ’, and was made up of 12 Nigerian ministers , 6 ex – official members and the President ( Governor ) .
3 . The country was divided into three unequal regions –
Northern Region , Western Region and Eastern Region .
8 b )
1 . It provided Nigeria with a semi or quasi -responsible government instead of a full responsible government.
2 . There was no effective leadership at the centre and regional level because there was no provision for the office of prime minister and premier .
3 . There was no team spirit in the council of



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